Welcome To Carbonics Inc.
|Carbon dioxide is an atmospheric
gas composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. A very widely known
chemical compound, it is frequently called by its formula
We deliver CO2 in high-pressure cylinders to bars, restaraunts, clubs,
and diners all over Houston and the surrounding area.
To learn more about Carbon Dioxide, its uses and dangers, please skip to the bottom of the page!
Ask about our Beer System installations and maintenance
Carbonics installs complete Beer Delivery Systems from the Keg to the tap. We can provide Glycol Chillers, insulated bundled tubing, Beer gas Nitrogen and Co2 high pressure tanks, or a Nitrogen generator and gas blender. With our beer pumps you can run beer halfway to the moon if you need to. As a family-run small business we understand the need to make everything work right the first time without breaking the bank to do so! We'll give you a free estimate with a couple of options for your system. Read more about installs here.
We also deal with Soda System installations and maintenance
Carbonics can design and install the fountain drink dispenser or bar gun dispenser system to meet your needs. We'll be happy to come give you a free estimate and after you compare prices, we'll explain how we can do it for so much less! The secret to low-cost, budget soda installations is in giving you, the customer, only what you need. But also, it's important that we build out for you everything that you DO need! Think about that for a minute. We could make the installation very low-cost and if you needed a water booster and water regulator, but we left that out in order to lower the initial bid, then your drinks would never taste right. Not only that, but your expensive carbonator would wear out that much sooner and you would lose repeat business. We'll go over each piece of hardware in our quote, and explain what it does and why you need it at your location. That's what sets Carbonics apart. We see ourselves as your partners as far as the beverage side of the business is concerned, and we'll help you make sure you have all that you need and nothing that you don't! Call 713-944-7900 and ask for the Service Department!
Carbon dioxide results from the combustion of organic matter if sufficient amounts of oxygen are present. It is also produced by various microorganisms from fermentation and cellular respiration. Plants utilize carbon dioxide during photosynthesis, using both the carbon and the oxygen to construct carbohydrates. Plants also release oxygen to the atmosphere which is subsequently used by animals, many fungi and some bacteria for respiration (breathing).
To test for this gas. When a lighted splint is inserted into a test tube containing this gas, it is immediately extinguished, as carbon dioxide does not support combustion.
Carbon dioxide is a colorless gas which, when inhaled at high concentrations, produces a sour taste in the mouth and stinging sensation in the nose and throat. Carbon dioxide, either as a gas or as dry ice, should be handled only in well ventilated areas.
Its density is about 1.5 times that of air. The carbon dioxide molecule (O=C=O) contains two double bonds and has a linear shape. It has no electrical dipole. As it is fully oxidized, it is not very reactive and in particular not flammable.
At temperatures below -78oC (-109oF), carbon dioxide condenses into a white solid called dry ice. Liquid carbon dioxide forms only at pressures above 5.1 atm; at atmospheric pressure, it passes directly between the gaseous and solid phases in a process called sublimation.
Carbon dioxide is used to produce carbonated soft drinks and soda water. Traditionally, the carbonation in beer and sparkling wine comes about through natural fermentation, but some manufacturers carbonate these beverages artificially using carbon dioxide.
Liquid and solid carbon dioxide are important refrigerants, especially in the food industry, where they are employed during the transportation and storage of frozen foods, and in the medical field, where they are used for transportation and preservation of laboratory specimens.
In medicine, up to 5% of carbon dioxide is added to pure oxygen
used in medicine for stimulation of breathing after apnea and to
stabilize the O2/CO2 balance in blood.
Carbon dioxide is often used an inexpensive, non-flammable pressurized gas, used to inflate life jackets. Steel capsules are also sold as supplies of compressed gas for airguns, paintball markets and for making seltzer. Carbon dioxide extinguishes flames, and some fire extinguishers, especially those designed for electrical fires, contain liquid carbon dioxide under pressure.
Liquid carbon dioxide is a good solvent for many organic compounds, and is used to remove caffeine from coffee. It has begun to attract attention in the pharmaceutical and other chemical processing industries as a less toxic alternative to more traditional solvents such as organocholorides. Carbon dioxide is used as a medium in a common type of industrial gas laser known as the carbon dioxide laser.
Greenhouses may enrich their atmospheres with additional CO2 to boost plant growth while eliminating pests such as whitefly, spider mites and others. Proposals have been made that carbon dioxide from power generation could be added into ponds to grow algae that could then be converted into biodiesel fuel.
Dry ice is used in cleaning: shooting tiny dry ice pellets at a surface cools the dirt and causes it to pop off. This technique is rapidly becoming popular for cleaning printing presses, since the dirt and print matter falls to the ground and can easily be disposed, while there is no solvent, cleaner or water residue to affect the equipment as the dry ice pellets completely dissolve into the atmosphere.
Dry ice is used in theaters to produce fog as a special effect. It is commonly injected into or adjacent to producing oil wells to act as a pressurizing agent. When dissolved into the underground crude oil, the carbon dioxide will significantly reduce the viscosity of the oil enabling the oil to flow more rapidly through the earch to the removal well. In mature oil fields, extensive pipe networks are used to carry the carbon dioxide to the injection points.
The Earth’s oceans contain a huge amount of carbon dioxide in the form of bicarbonate and carbonate ions—much more than the amount in the atmosphere. The bicarbonate is produced in reactions between rock, water, and carbon dioxide. One example is the dissolution of calcium carbonate:
CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O Ca2+ + 2 HCO3-
These reactions tend to buffer changes in atmospheric CO2. Reactions between carbon dioxide and non-carbonate rocks also add bicarbonate to the seas, which can undergo the reverse of the above reaction to form carbonate rocks, releasing half of the bicarbonate as CO2. Over hundreds of millions of years this has produced huge quantities of carbonate rocks. If all the carbonate rocks in the Earth’s crust were converted back into carbon dioxide, the resulting carbon dioxide would weigh 40 times as much as the rest of the atmosphere.
The vast majority of CO2 added to the atmosphere will eventually be absorbed by the oceans and become bicarbonate ion, but the process takes on the order of a hundred years because most seawater rarely comes near the surface.
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